The Berlin Conference of 1884-1885, also known as the Congo Conference or West Africa[1], regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the period of the new imperialism and coincided with The sudden rise of Germany into imperial power. The conference was organized by Otto von Bismarck, Germany`s first chancellor. Its outcome, the general law of the Berlin conference, may be seen as a formalization of the fight for Africa, but some historians warn against a tailor-made role in the colonial division of Africa and draw attention to bilateral agreements concluded before and after the conference. [2] [3] The conference helped to launch a period of strengthened colonial activities by European powers that eliminated or superimposed most of the existing forms of African autonomy and autonomy. [4] Quote some of the main agreements in the general act of the conference. Comparison of Africa in 1880 and 1913. Source of images Before the conference, European diplomacy treated African Amerindians in the same way that they treated the lonely natives of the New World and formed commercial evidence with tribal leaders. This is evident from examples such as Portuguese trade with the Kingdom of Congo. With the exception of trade posts along the coast, the continent has been largely ignored. This changed as a result of King Leopold of Belgium`s desire for personal glory and wealth, and by the mid-19th century Africa was considered ripe for exploration, trade and colonization.

Berlin West Africa Conference, a series of negotiations (November 15, 1884-26 February 1885) in Berlin where major European nations met to decide all issues relating to the Congo River Basin in Central Africa. Slave trafficking in Africa: photo of slaves captured aboard an Arab slave ship from Congo intercepted by the Royal Navy (1869). One of the main reasons for the colonization of Africa was the repression of the slave trade. The principle of actual occupation stipulated that the powers could only acquire rights to colonial lands if they owned them or had “effective occupation”: if they had contracts with local leaders, waving their flag there and erecting an administration in the territory to govern them with a police force to maintain order. Colonial power could also exploit the colony economically. This principle has become not only the basis for European powers to acquire territorial sovereignty in Africa, but also to determine the limits of their respective overseas possessions, since in some cases effective occupation has served as a criterion for resolving disputes over the borders between colonies. However, since the Berlin law was limited in its scope to the lands of the African coast, European powers in many cases subsequently claimed land rights within, without demonstrating the need for effective occupation, as indicated by Article 35 of the final act. This first international conference on Africa has created a model on how the world treats the continent.